EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

More Money for Some: The Redistributive Effects of Open Market Operations

Christian Bustamante

Staff Working Papers from Bank of Canada

Abstract: Using a general equilibrium search-theoretic model of money, I study the distributional effects of open market operations. In my model, heterogeneous agents trade bilaterally among themselves in a frictional market and save using cash and illiquid short-term nominal government bonds. Wealth effects generate slow adjustments in agents’ portfolios following their trading activity in decentralized markets, giving rise to a persistent and nondegenerate distribution of assets. The model reproduces the distribution of asset levels and portfolios across households observed in the data, which is crucial to quantitatively assess the incidence of monetary policy changes at the individual level. I find that an open market operation targeting a higher nominal interest rate requires increasing the relative supply of bonds, raising the ability of agents to self-insure against idiosyncratic shocks. As a result, in the long run, inequality falls, and the inefficiencies in decentralized trading shrink. This leads agents that are relatively poor and more liquidity-constrained to benefit the most by increasing their consumption and welfare.

Keywords: Inflation and prices; Monetary policy; Monetary policy implementation; Monetary policy transmission (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E21 E32 E52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 47 pages
Date: 2021-09
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cba, nep-cwa, nep-dge, nep-mac and nep-mon
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://www.bankofcanada.ca/wp-content/uploads/2021/09/swp2021-46.pdf Full text (application/pdf)

Related works:
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:bca:bocawp:21-46

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Staff Working Papers from Bank of Canada 234 Wellington Street, Ottawa, Ontario, K1A 0G9, Canada. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-25
Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:21-46