Dust Bowl Migrants: Identifying an Archetype
No 2020-120, Working Papers from Becker Friedman Institute for Research In Economics
The 1930â€™s American Dust Bowl created archetypal â€œDust Bowl migrants,â€ refugees from environmental collapse and economic upheaval. I examine this archetype, comparing migration from more-eroded counties and less-eroded counties to distinguish Dust Bowl migrants from other migrants in this era. Migrants from more-eroded counties were more â€œnegatively selected,â€ in years of education, than other migrants who were â€œpositively selected.â€ These Dust Bowl migrants struggled economically, especially in California. Despite migrantsâ€™ struggles, however, I estimate strikingly modest impacts of the Dust Bowl on average incomes that contrast with its enduring impacts on agricultural land.
JEL-codes: N32 N52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 22 pages
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Working Paper: Dust Bowl Migrants: Identifying an Archetype (2020)
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