Dust Bowl Migrants: Identifying an Archetype
No 27656, NBER Working Papers from National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc
The 1930's American Dust Bowl created archetypal "Dust Bowl migrants," refugees from environmental collapse and economic upheaval. I examine this archetype, comparing migration from more-eroded counties and less-eroded counties to distinguish Dust Bowl migrants from other migrants in this era. Migrants from more-eroded counties were more "negatively selected," in years of education, than other migrants who were "positively selected." These Dust Bowl migrants struggled economically, especially in California. Despite migrants' struggles, however, I estimate strikingly modest impacts of the Dust Bowl on average incomes that contrast with its enduring impacts on agricultural land.
JEL-codes: N32 N52 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-agr, nep-env, nep-his and nep-mig
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Working Paper: Dust Bowl Migrants: Identifying an Archetype (2020)
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