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Relative Position, Prices of Sacrifice and Reciprocity: An Experimental Study Using Individual Decisions

Jordi Brandts, Enrique Fatas and Francisco Lagos ()

No 256, Working Papers from Barcelona Graduate School of Economics

Abstract: We use experimental data to obtain a detailed description of individuals' pro-sociality. Participants are faced with a large number of decisions involving variations in the tradeoffs between own and others' payoffs, as well as in other potentially important factors like individuals' positions vis-à-vis others. We find that decisions are affected by payoff trade-offs in an intuitive way but also by whether individuals obtain more or less than others. We find little reciprocity of the type linked to menu-dependence. The influence of social welfare preferences is stronger than that of difference aversion; however, Leontieff preferences are not more important than difference aversion in our data.

Keywords: experiments; social preferences; Reciprocity; Difference Aversion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C70 C90 D63 D64 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2005-12
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