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Socioeconomic Factors influencing the Spatial Spread of COVID-19 in the United States

Christopher Baum () and Miguel Henry ()

No 1009, Boston College Working Papers in Economics from Boston College Department of Economics

Abstract: As the COVID-19 pandemic has progressed in the U.S., "hotspots" have been shifting geographically over time to suburban and rural counties showing a high prevalence of the disease. We analyze daily U.S. county-level variations in COVID-19 confirmed case counts to evaluate the spatial dependence between neighboring counties. We find strong evidence of county-level socioeconomic factors influencing the spatial spread. We show the potential of combining spatial econometric techniques and socioeconomic factors in assessing the spatial effects of COVID-19 among neighboring counties.

Keywords: COVID-19; coronavirus; socioeconomic factors; spillover effects; spatial econometrics (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C13 C21 R15 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-05-29
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo, nep-hea, nep-ore and nep-ure
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