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An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic

Jeremy Greenwood, Philipp Kircher, Cezar Santos () and Michele Tertilt ()

CRC TR 224 Discussion Paper Series from University of Bonn and University of Mannheim, Germany

Abstract: Twelve percent of the Malawian population is HIV infected. Eighteen percent of sexual encounters are casual. A condom is used a third of the time. To analyze the Malawian epidemic, a choice-theoretic general equilibrium search model is constructed. In the developed framework, people select between different sexual practices while knowing the inherent risk. The calibrated model is used to study several policy interventions; namely, ART, circumcision, better condoms, and the treatment of other STDs. The efficacy of public policy depends upon the induced behavioral changes and equilibrium effects. The framework complements the insights from epidemiological studies and small-scale field experiments.

Keywords: ART; circumcision; condoms; disease transmission; epidemiological studies; HIV/AIDS; knowledge about HIV; Malawi; marriage; policy intervention; search; small field experiments; STDs; sex markets (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I18 J12 O11 O55 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 74
Date: 2019-02
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge and nep-hea
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Related works:
Journal Article: An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: An Equilibrium Model of the African HIV/AIDS Epidemic (2013) Downloads
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