EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Induction and Evolution in the Origin of Inventions: Evidence from Smoking Cessation Products

Adam Jaffe and Seth Werfel ()

No 9, Working Papers from Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Business School

Abstract: Neoclassical economic theory predicts that policies that discourage the consumption of a particular good will induce innovation in a socially desirable substitute. Evolutionary theory emphasizes the possibility of innovation waves associated with the identification of new dominant designs. We incorporate both of these possibilities in a model of the invention of new smoking cessation products, based on a new dataset of patents on such products from 1951-2004. We find that an increase in cigarette tax levels and smoking bans had no discernable impact on the industry-wide rate of invention in smoking cessation products. It does appear, however, that dominant designs did have substantial positive innovation effects. More specifically, the introduction of the nicotine gum and patch are estimated to have increased the rate of patenting activity in smoking cessation products by 60 and 79 percent, respectively, subject to a 10 percent rate of decay. Finally, these products had larger innovation effects at the firm level than among individual inventors.

Keywords: Patents; Technological Change; Smoking Cessation Products; Cigarette Taxes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H23 I18 O31 O38 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 24 pages
Date: 2010-11
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-evo, nep-ino, nep-ipr, nep-pr~ and nep-tid
References: Add references at CitEc
Citations:

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.brandeis.edu/economics/RePEc/brd/doc/Brandeis_WP09.pdf First version, 2010 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Induction and Evolution in the Origin of Inventions: Evidence from Smoking Cessation Products (2010) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:brd:wpaper:09

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Brandeis University, Department of Economics and International Business School Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Andrea Luna ().

 
Page updated 2024-05-21
Handle: RePEc:brd:wpaper:09