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Determinants of Total Factor Productivity in Former Soviet Union Economies: A Stochastic Frontier Approach

Annageldy Arazmuradov (), Gianmaria Martini () and Davide Scotti

No 1105, Working Papers from Department of Economics and Technology Management, University of Bergamo

Abstract: This paper investigates the process of GDP generation in Former Soviet Union (FSU) economies to provide understanding of the impact of technology channels on countries’ efficiency. We apply a stochastic frontier approach to 15 FSU economies over the period 1995–2008, and we find that machinery imports and human capital improve a country’s efficiency. Furthermore, we show that trade in capital goods and human capital also have a positive effect on total factor productivity (TFP), which, in turn, improves real GDP growth. Hence, our results suggest that FSU countries should improve public policies that provide incentives to invest in cross-country technology transfer and in domestic education in order to improve their economic growth. Additionally, our empirical evidence argues against the resource-curse hypothesis. We also show, by computing the efficiency change and technological change indices at the country level, that FSU economies are benefiting more from catching up to the best practice frontier than from exploiting technological progress.

Keywords: Eurasia; Former Soviet Union (FSU); Technology Channels; Total Factor Productivity (TFP); Stochastic Frontier Analysis (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O33 O47 O57 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2011
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eff and nep-tra
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Journal Article: Determinants of total factor productivity in former Soviet Union economies: A stochastic frontier approach (2014) Downloads
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