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Job Destruction, Job Creation and Unemployment in Transition Countries: What Can We Learn?

Giulia Faggio ()

CEP Discussion Papers from Centre for Economic Performance, LSE

Abstract: Sixteen years into the transition, the problem of high joblessness has not been solved. Of the three explanations commonly discussed (i.e. ongoing reallocation; finished reallocation with redundant labour; wrong choice of institutional framework), we concentrated on the ongoing reallocation hypothesis. We show that there is a negative correlation between job creation in the private sector and unemployment. We also show that long-term unemployment depends on current and past values of short-term unemployment and that this path-dependence fades away as soon as we reach time t-3. We interpret this result as an indication that the process of reallocation started at the beginning of the 1990s still influences today's labour market. We address three components of the transition debate: shock therapy versus gradualism; privatization; and political change. Contrary to Godoy and Stiglitz (2006), we do not find gradualism superior to shock therapy in terms of private sector growth. In addition, we confirm that full privatization is positively associated with job destruction in the state sector. Finally, we show that during early years of democratization the state sector was dismantled more vigorously than in other periods.

Keywords: job reallocation; unemployment; transitional economies (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J63 J64 P20 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2007-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-tra
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