EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Fueling the Gender Gap? Oil and Women's Labor and Marriage Market Outcomes

Stephan Maurer and Andrei Potlogea ()

CEP Discussion Papers from Centre for Economic Performance, LSE

Abstract: This paper analyzes the effect of resource-based economic specialization on women's labor market outcomes. Using information on the location and discovery of major oil fields in the Southern United States coupled with a county-level panel derived from US Census data for 1900-1940, we specifically test the hypothesis that the presence of mineral resources can induce changes in the sectoral composition of the local economy that are detrimental to women's labor market outcomes. We find evidence that the discovery of oil at the county level may constitute a substantial male biased demand shock to local labor markets, as it is associated with a higher gender pay gap. However, we find no evidence that oil wealth lowers female labor force participation or has any impact on local marriage and fertility patterns. While our results are consistent with oil shocks limiting female labor market opportunities in some sectors (mainly manufacturing), this effect tends to be compensated by the higher availability of service sector jobs for women who are therefore not driven out of the labor market.

Keywords: Oil; structural transformation; female labor force; participation; gender pay gap (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: R1 N5 O1 J1 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-06
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ene and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/dp1280.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Working Paper: Fueling the gender gap? Oil and women's labor and marriage market outcomes (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1280

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CEP Discussion Papers from Centre for Economic Performance, LSE
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2020-11-27
Handle: RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1280