Foreign direct investment and the relationship between the United Kingdom and the European Union
Saul Estrin and
Meng Tian ()
CEP Discussion Papers from Centre for Economic Performance, LSE
This paper investigates whether and to what extent foreign direct investment inflows into the United Kingdom are caused by its membership in the European Union (EU). It reports two main sets of econometric estimates: (a) synthetic counterfactual method with annual data for large sample of developing and developed countries over 1970-2014 and (b) gravity estimates using 34 OECD countries bilateral data for 1985-2013. The two sets of estimates strongly concur: EU membership increases FDI inflows by about 30%. This result is robust to changes in specification, country samples, time windows, and the use of different estimators (panel, PPML and Heckman).
Keywords: foreign direct investment; gravity; SMC; European Union (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Foreign direct investment and the relationship betweenthe United Kingdom and the European Union (2016)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cep:cepdps:dp1453
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