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From Final Goods to Inputs: The Protectionist Effect of Rules of Origin

Paola Conconi (), Manuel Garcia-Santana (), Laura Puccio and Roberto Venturini

CEP Discussion Papers from Centre for Economic Performance, LSE

Abstract: Recent decades have witnessed a surge of trade in intermediate goods and a proliferation of free trade agreements (FTAs). FTAs use rules of origin (RoO) to distinguish goods originating from member countries from those originating from third countries. We focus on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), the world's largest FTA, and construct a unique dataset that allows us to map the input-output linkages in its RoO. Exploiting cross-product and cross-country variation in treatment over time, we show that NAFTA RoO led to a sizeable reduction in imports of intermediate goods from third countries relative to NAFTA partners. Even if external tariffs are unchanged, FTAs may thus violate multilateral trade rules, by substantially increasing the level of protection faced by non-members.

Keywords: trade agreements; rules of origin; input-output linkages (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F23 F53 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int
Date: 2017-12
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http://cep.lse.ac.uk/pubs/download/dp1525.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: From Final Goods to Inputs: The Protectionist Effect of Rules of Origin (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: From final goods to inputs: the protectionist effect of rules of origin (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: From Final Goods to Inputs: the Protectionist Effect of Rules of Origin (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: From Final Goods to Inputs: the Protectionist Effect of Rules of Origin (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: From Final Goods to Inputs: the Protectionist Effect of Rules of Origin (2016) Downloads
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