EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

What Drives the Gender Gap? An Analysis Using Sexual Orientation

Josef Montag ()

CERGE-EI Working Papers from The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague

Abstract: Gender differences in productivity, if any, that are unobserved to researchers may produce an omitted variable bias in gender gap studies. Finding a subpopulation with less acute differences in unobserved characteristics would allow this concern to be addressed. This paper argues that gays and lesbians are one such interesting group—for the intra-household division of labor and its effects on market productivity cannot be sex-determined in this subpopulation. Indeed, there are substantial intra-household variations in labor market outcomes and other characteristics; the patterns and magnitudes are similar to different-sex households. Simultaneously, the gender wage gap between gays and lesbians is much smaller than in the heterosexual population; in specifications that control for geographic location it is near zero. These findings suggest that the intra-household division of labor is an important factor driving gender differences in labor market outcomes. Such an interpretation is consistent with recent studies that control for productivity.

Keywords: gender gap; sexual division of labor; discrimination, specialization (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 D10 J22 J24 J70 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014-01
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dem and nep-lab
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (2) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp505.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: What Drives the Gender Gap? An Analysis Using Sexual Orientation (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: What Drives the Gender Gap? An Analysis Using Sexual Orientation (2014) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cer:papers:wp505

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CERGE-EI Working Papers from The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Jana Koudelkova ().

 
Page updated 2020-03-29
Handle: RePEc:cer:papers:wp505