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Location Choice and Employment Decisions: A Comparison of German and Swedish Multinationals

Sascha Becker, Karolina Ekholm (), Robert Jäckle (), Marc-Andreas Muendler (), Sascha O. Becker and Robert Jaeckle ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Sascha O. Becker ()

No 1374, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo Group Munich

Abstract: Using data for German and Swedish multinational enterprises (MNEs), this paper assesses international employment patterns. It analyzes determinants of location choice and the degree of substitutability of labor across locations. Countries with highly skilled labor forces attract German MNEs, but we find no such evidence for Swedish MNEs. This is consistent with the hypothesis that German MNEs locate production stages intensive in high-skilled labor abroad. In MNEs from either country, affiliate employment tends to substitute for employment at the parent firm. On the margin, substitutability is the strongest with respect to affiliate employment in Western Europe. A one percent larger wage gap between Germany and locations in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) is estimated to be associated with 900 fewer jobs in German parents and 5,000 more jobs in affiliates located in CEE. A one percent larger wage gap between Sweden and CEE is estimated to be associated with 140 fewer jobs in Swedish parents and 260 more jobs in affiliates located in CEE.

Keywords: multinational enterprises; location choice; multinomial choice; labor demand; translog cost function (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F21 F23 J21 J23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dcm, nep-eec, nep-geo and nep-lab
Date: 2005
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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https://www.cesifo-group.de/DocDL/cesifo1_wp1374.pdf (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: Location Choice and Employment Decisions: A Comparison of German and Swedish Multinationals (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Location Choice and Employment Decisions: A Comparison of German and Swedish Multinationals (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Location Choice and Employment Decisions: A Comparison of German and Swedish Multinationals (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Location choice and employment decisions: a comparison of German and Swedish multinationals (2005) Downloads
Working Paper: Location Choices and Employment Decisions: A Comparison of German and Swedish Multinationals (2004) Downloads
Working Paper: Location Choice and Employment Decisions: A Comparison of German and Swedish Multinationals (2004) Downloads
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