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Foreign Direct Investment Modes and Local Backward Linkages

Chrysovalantou Milliou () and Apostolis Pavlou

No 4623, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo

Abstract: We study a multinational enterprise’s (MNE) choice of foreign direct investment (FDI) mode in a vertically related market with local input sourcing. We show that the vertical structure of the market and its features play a crucial role for the MNE.s decision: backward linkages, enhanced upstream bargaining power, use of non-linear contracts, and interim unobservability of contract terms favor cross-border acquisition relative to greenfield investment. We also show that while a cross-border acquisition reduces welfare, greenfield investment can be welfare-improving. These results suggest that policy should distinguish among FDI modes as well as among markets with more or less dependence on backward linkages.

Keywords: foreign direct investment; greenfield investment; acquisition; vertical relations; two-part tariffs (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F12 F23 L13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2014
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