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Nation Building: The Role of Central Spending in Education

Francesco Cinnirella () and Ruth Maria Schüler ()

No 6103, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo Group Munich

Abstract: It is generally argued that, in the context of Imperial Germany, public primary education was used to form “loyal citizens” and to build a nation. In this paper we analyze to what extent central spending on primary education affected participation at general elections and votes for pro-nationalist parties. We combine census data on the sources of school funding with federal elec-tion data at the level of 199 constituencies in five-year intervals from 1886 to 1911. Panel esti-mates of models with constituency and time-fixed effects show that an increase in the share of central spending is positively related to the vote share of pro-nationalist parties and voter turnout. Results from models with lagged central spending by category of expenditure are consistent with the role of indoctrination of public primary education.

Keywords: nation building; primary education; indoctrination; Prussian economic history (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N33 N43 H72 I28 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016
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Related works:
Journal Article: Nation building: The role of central spending in education (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Nation Building: The Role of Central Spending in Education (2016) Downloads
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