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Does Maternal Education Affect Childhood Immunization Rates? Evidence from Turkey

Mustafa Özer, Jan Fidrmuc and Mehmet Ali Eryurt

No 6439, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo Group Munich

Abstract: We study the causal effect of maternal education on childhood immunization rates. We use the Compulsory Education Law (CEL) of 1997, and the differentiation in its implementation across regions, as instruments for schooling of young mothers in Turkey. The CEL increased the compulsory years of schooling of those born after 1986 from 5 to 8 years. We find that education of mothers increases the probability of completing the full course of DPT and Hepatitis B vaccinations for their children. Furthermore, education increases the age of first marriage and birth, changes women`s and their spouse’s labour market status, and significantly affects women`s attitude towards spousal violence against women and gender discrimination in a manner that empowers women.

Keywords: DPT (diphtheria; pertussis and tetanus); Hepatitis B; maternal education; autonomy of women; fertility; difference-in-difference-in-differences; instrumental variable (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: H51 H52 I12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ara, nep-cwa, nep-edu and nep-hea
Date: 2017
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