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Border Effects Without Borders: What Divides Japan's Internal Trade?

Jens Wrona

No 7056, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo Group Munich

Abstract: This paper identifies a “border” effect in the absence of a border. The finding that trade between East- and West-Japan is 23.1 to 51.3 percent lower than trade within both country parts, is established despite the absence of an obvious east-west division due to historical borders, cultural differences or past civil wars. Post-war agglomeration processes, reflected by the contemporaneous structure of Japan’s business and social networks, rather than cultural differences, induced by long-lasting historical shocks, are identified as an explanation for the east-west bias in intra-Japanese trade.

Keywords: border effects; gravity equation; intra-national Trade; Japan (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F14 F15 F12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int
Date: 2018
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