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Firm Organization with Multiple Establishments

Anna Gumpert, Henrike Steimer and Manfred Antoni ()

No 7435, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo Group Munich

Abstract: How do geographic frictions affect firm organization? We show theoretically and empirically that geographic frictions increase the use of middle managers in multi-establishment firms. In our model, we assume that the time of the CEO of a firm is a resource of limited supply that is shared among the headquarters and the establishments. Geographic frictions increase the costs of accessing the CEO. Hiring middle managers at an establishment substitutes for CEO time that is reallocated over all establishments. In consequence, geographic frictions between the headquarters and one establishment affect the organization of all establishments of a firm. Our model is consistent with novel facts about multi-establishment firm organization that we document using administrative data from Germany. We exploit the opening of high-speed train routes to show that not only the establishments directly affected by faster travel times but also the other establishments of the firm adjust their organization. Our findings imply that local conditions propagate across space through firm organization.

Keywords: firm organization; multi-establishment firm; knowledge hierarchy; geography (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D21 D22 D24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-bec, nep-hrm, nep-lab and nep-ure
Date: 2018
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