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The Distributional Effects of Peer and Aspirational Pressure

Konstantinos Angelopoulos, Spyridon Lazarakis and Jim Malley ()

No 7838, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo

Abstract: We develop a theoretical framework where the cross-sectional distributions of hours, earnings, wealth and consumption are determined jointly with a set of expenditure targets defining peer and aspirational pressure for members of different social classes. We show existence of a stationary socio-economic equilibrium, under idiosyncratic stochastic productivity and socio-economic class participation. We calibrate a model belonging to this framework using British data and find that it captures the main patterns of inequality, between and within the social groupings. We find that the effects of peer pressure on within-group inequality differ between groups. We also find that wealth and consumption inequality increase within groups who aspire to match social targets from a higher class, despite a reduction in within-group inequality in hours and earnings.

Keywords: inequality; incomplete markets; peer pressure; aspirations (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E21 E25 D01 D31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2019
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur and nep-mac
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