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Education, Lack of Complementary Investment and Underemployment In an Open Economy

Sugata Marjit, Rashmi Ahuja and Abhilasha Pandey

No 9278, CESifo Working Paper Series from CESifo

Abstract: In many developing economies rate of unemployment is increasing with skill accumulation and thereby leading to underemployment. Our paper offers to look at skill formation as a demand side problem not as a traditional supply side problem and also how skill formation or education affects unemployment among the remaining uneducated. We have developed a general equilibrium model of a small open developing economy incorporating skill formation, unemployment of unskilled labour in the formal sector and an informal sector which absorbs unemployed workers at a flexible wage rate. In this set up greater education for a group may generate educated unemployment within the group and increase unemployment of the uneducated outside the group leading to underemployment through the expansion of the informal sector. Both effects are due to shortage of complementary investment in production activities. Our theoretical findings are motivated by existing empirical evidence and a fresh empirical exercise undertaken using panel data of 32 countries.

Keywords: skill formation; informal employment; skilled-unskilled wage inequality; underemployment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E24 E26 J24 J31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2021
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge, nep-isf, nep-iue, nep-lma and nep-mac
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