Dictators, Repression and the Median Citizen: An “Eliminations Model” of Stalin’s Terror (Data from the NKVD Archives)
Philipp Schröder and
Konstantin Sonin ()
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Paul Gregory: University of Houston and Hoover Institution, Stanford University
No w0091, Working Papers from Center for Economic and Financial Research (CEFIR)
This paper sheds light on dictatorial behavior as exemplified by the mass terror campaigns of Stalin. Dictatorships – unlike democracies where politicians choose platforms in view of voter preferences – may attempt to trim their constituency and thus ensure regime survival via the large scale elimination of citizens. We formalize this idea in a simple model and use it to examine Stalin’s three large scale terror campaigns with data from the NKVD state archives that are accessible after more than 60 years of secrecy. Our model traces the stylized facts of Stalin’s terror and identifies parameters such as the ability to correctly identify regime enemies, the actual or perceived number of enemies in the population, and how secure the dictators power base is, as crucial for the patterns and scale of repression.
Keywords: Dictatorial systems; Stalinism; Soviet State and Party archives; NKVD; OPGU; Repression (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: P00 N44 P26 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-his, nep-pol, nep-soc and nep-tra
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Journal Article: Rational dictators and the killing of innocents: Data from Stalin's archives (2011)
Working Paper: Dictators, Repression and the Median Citizen: An “Eliminations Model” of Stalin’s Terror (Data from the NKVD Archives) (2006)
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Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cfr:cefirw:w0091
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