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Ethnic conflict: the role of ethnic representation

Sonia Bhalotra, Irma Clots-Figueras and Lakshmi Iyer
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Sonia Bhalotra: University of Warwick, CAGE
Lakshmi Iyer: University of Notre Dame

CAGE Online Working Paper Series from Competitive Advantage in the Global Economy (CAGE)

Abstract: We investigate the impact of the political representation of minority groups on the incidence of ethnic conflict in India. We code data on Hindu-Muslim violence and Muslim political representation in India and leverage quasi-random variation in legislator religion generated by the results of close elections. We find that the presence of Muslim legislators results in a large and significant decline in Hindu-Muslim conflict. The average result is driven by richer states and those with greater police strength. Our results suggest that the political empowerment of minority communities can contribute to curbing civil conflict.

Keywords: conflict; violence; religion; political representation; police; close elections JEL Classification: D72; D74; J15 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-pol and nep-ure
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https://warwick.ac.uk/fac/soc/economics/research/c ... tions/wp668.2023.pdf

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Working Paper: Ethnic conflict: the role of ethnic representation (2023) Downloads
Working Paper: Ethnic conflict: the role of ethnic representation (2023) Downloads
Working Paper: Ethnic conflict: the role of ethnic representation (2023) Downloads
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