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Ethnic conflict: the role of ethnic representation

Sonia Bhalotra, Irma Clots-Figueras and Lakshmi Iyer

No wp-2023-84, WIDER Working Paper Series from World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER)

Abstract: We investigate the impact of the political representation of minority groups on the incidence of ethnic conflict in India. We code data on Hindu-Muslim violence and Muslim political representation in India and leverage quasi-random variation in legislator religion generated by the results of close elections. We find that the presence of Muslim legislators results in a large and significant decline in Hindu-Muslim conflict. The average result is driven by richer states and those with greater police strength.

Keywords: Conflict; Violence; Religion; political representation; Elections (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2023
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-pol and nep-ure
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Working Paper: Ethnic conflict: the role of ethnic representation (2023) Downloads
Working Paper: Ethnic conflict: the role of ethnic representation (2023) Downloads
Working Paper: Ethnic conflict: the role of ethnic representation (2023) Downloads
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