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The Consumption-Real Exchange Rate Anomaly: Non-Traded Goods, Incomplete Markets and Distribution Services

Jorge Selaive () and Vicente Tuesta ()

Working Papers Central Bank of Chile from Central Bank of Chile

Abstract: The real exchange rate is volatile and tends to move in opposite direction with respect to relative consumption across countries. Chari, Kehoe and McGrattan (CKM, 2002) refer to the inability of models to replicate the last stylized fact as the consumption-real exchange rate anomaly. In this paper we show that an international RBC model similar to the one proposed by CKM but extended by considering nontraded goods and an incomplete asset market structure can solve this anomaly. Non tradable goods amplify wealth effects that arise from the incomplete assets market structure generating a negative comovement between the real exchange rate and relative consumption. The model performs reasonable well with other business cycle moments and, by adding distribution services in terms of nontraded goods, it generates a real exchange rate as volatile as in the data. Results are robust to the addition of nominal price rigidities and -in contrast with CKM- there is no need of monetary shocks to account for the real exchange rate dynamics.

Date: 2006-04
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