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Screening Peers Softly: Inferring the Quality of Small Borrowers

Asim Khwaja, Rajkamal Iyer, Erzo Luttmer () and Kelly Shue

No 259, CID Working Papers from Center for International Development at Harvard University

Abstract: The recent banking crisis highlights the challenges faced in credit intermediation. New online peer-to-peer lending markets offer opportunities to examine lending models that primarily cater to small borrowers and that generate more types of information on which to screen. This paper evaluates screening in a peer-to-peer market where lenders observe both standard financial information and soft, or nonstandard, information about borrower quality. Our methodology takes advantage of the fact that while lenders do not observe a borrower’s exact credit score, we do. We find that lenders are able to predict default with 45% greater accuracy than what is achievable based on just the borrower’s credit score, the traditional measure of creditworthiness used by banks. We further find that lenders effectively use nonstandard or soft information and that such information is relatively more important when screening borrowers of lower credit quality. In addition to estimating the overall inference of creditworthiness, we also find that lenders infer a third of the variation in the dimension of creditworthiness that is captured by the credit score. This credit-score inference relies primarily upon standard hard information, but still draws relatively more from softer or less standard information when screening lower-quality borrowers. Our results highlight the importance of screening mechanisms that rely on soft information, especially in settings targeted at smaller borrowers.

Keywords: Peer-to-peer Credit Markets; Market-based Lending; Screening; Market Inference; Information and Hierarchies; Soft Information (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D53 D8 G21 L81 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2013-03
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Related works:
Journal Article: Screening Peers Softly: Inferring the Quality of Small Borrowers (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Screening Peers Softly: Inferring the Quality of Small Borrowers (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Screening Peers Softly: Inferring the Quality of Small Borrowers (2009) Downloads
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