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Economic Growth in Colombia: A Reversal of 'Fortune'?

Mauricio Cardenas ()

No 83, CID Working Papers from Center for International Development at Harvard University

Abstract: Colombia’s annual GDP growth fell to an average of 3% between 1980 and 2000 from 5% between 1950 and 1980. The sources-of-growth decomposition shows that this reversal can be accounted entirely by changes in productivity. Indeed, between 1960 and 1960 productivity gains increased output per capita by 1% per year. Since 1980, productivity losses have reduced output per capita at the same rate. The time series analysis suggests that the implosion of productivity is related to the increase in criminality which has diverted capital and labor to unproductive activities. In turn, the rise in crime has been the result of rapid expansion in drug-trafficking activities, which erupted around 1980. This explanation is supported by cross-country evidence that shows that Colombia is clear outlier in terms of conflict and fragmentation, and suggests that high crime is associated with low productivity.

Keywords: economic growth; productivity; social capital; crime and conflict (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O47 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2001-12
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Related works:
Journal Article: ECONOMIC GROWTH IN COLOMBIA: A REVERSAL OF ‘FORTUNE’? (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: Economic growth in Colombia: a reversal of "fortune"? (2007) Downloads
Working Paper: Economic growth in Colombia: A reversal of Fortune (2002) Downloads
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