EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

THE ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES OF TOURNAMENTS: EVIDENCE FROM A FIELD EXPERIMENT

Maria De Paola (), Francesca Gioia () and Vincenzo Scoppa ()

No 201607, Working Papers from Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Economia, Statistica e Finanza "Giovanni Anania" - DESF

Abstract: We ran a field experiment to investigate whether competing in rank-order tournaments with different prize spreads affects individual performance. Our experiment involved students from an Italian University who took an intermediate exam that was partly evaluated on the basis of relative performance. Students were matched in pairs on the basis of their high school grades and each pair was randomly assigned to one of three different tournaments. Random assignment neutralizes selection effects and allows us to investigate if larger prize spreads increase individual effort. We do not find any positive effect of larger prizes on students’ performance and in several specifications we do find a negative effect. Furthermore, we show that the effect of prize spreads on students’ performance depends on their degree of risk-aversion: competing in tournaments with large spreads negatively affects the performance of risk-averse students, while it does not produce any effect on students who are more prone to take risks.

Keywords: Rank-Order Tournaments; Incentives; Prize Spread; Risk-Aversion; Randomized Experiment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C93 D81 D82 J24 J31 J33 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Pages: 25 pages
Date: 2016-07
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cbe, nep-edu, nep-exp and nep-hrm
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.ecostat.unical.it/RePEc/WorkingPapers/WP07_2016.pdf First version, 2016-07 (application/pdf)

Related works:
Journal Article: The adverse consequences of tournaments: Evidence from a field experiment (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The adverse consequences of tournaments: Evidence from a field experiment (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: The Adverse Consequences of Tournaments: Evidence from a Field Experiment (2016) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:clb:wpaper:201607

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in Working Papers from Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Economia, Statistica e Finanza "Giovanni Anania" - DESF Università della Calabria, Dipartimento di Economia, Statistica e Finanza "Giovanni Anania", Ponte Pietro Bucci, Cubo 0/C, I-87036 Arcavacata di Rende, CS, Italy. Contact information at EDIRC.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by Giovanni Dodero ().

 
Page updated 2023-01-31
Handle: RePEc:clb:wpaper:201607