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Violence and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from Homicides in Brazil

Marco Manacorda () and Martin Foureaux Koppensteiner

No 11279, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: This paper uses microdata from Brazilian vital statistics on births and deaths between 2000 and 2010 to estimate the impact of in-utero exposure to local violence - measured by homicide rates - on birth outcomes. The estimates show that exposure to violence during the first trimester of pregnancy leads to a small but precisely estimated increase in the risk of low birthweight and prematurity. Effects are found both in small municipalities, where homicides are rare, and in large municipalities, where violence is endemic, and are particularly pronounced among children of poorly educated mothers, implying that violence compounds the disadvantage that these children already suffer as a result of their households’ lower socioeconomic status.

Keywords: Birth outcomes; Birthweight; Homicides; Stress; Brazil (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I12 I15 I39 J13 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2016-05
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-lam, nep-law and nep-ltv
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (54)

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Related works:
Journal Article: Violence and birth outcomes: Evidence from homicides in Brazil (2016) Downloads
Working Paper: Violence and Birth Outcomes: Evidence From Homicides in Brazil (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Violence and birth outcomes: evidence from homicides in Brazil (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Violence and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from Homicides in Brazil (2015) Downloads
Working Paper: Violence and Birth Outcomes: Evidence from Homicides in Brazil (2015) Downloads
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