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In a Small Moment: Class Size and Moral Hazard in the Italian Mezzogiorno

Joshua Angrist (), Erich Battistin () and Daniela Vuri ()

No 11666, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Instrumental variables (IV) estimates show strong class size effects in Southern Italy. But Italy's Mezzogiorno is distinguished by manipulation of standardized test scores as well as by economic disadvantage. IV estimates suggest small classes increase manipulation. We argue that score manipulation is a consequence of teacher shirking. IV estimates of a causal model for achievement as function of class size and score manipulation show that class size effects on measured achievement are driven entirely by the relationship between class size and manipulation. These results show how consequential score manipulation can arise even in assessment systems with few accountability concerns.

Keywords: Education production; Regression Discontinuity; Test scores (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C26 C31 I21 I28 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-edu and nep-ure
Date: 2016-11
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