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The Political Cost of Being Soft on Crime: Evidence from a Natural Experiment

Francesco Drago, Roberto Galbiati and Francesco Sobbrio ()

No 12097, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: We provide evidence about voters' response to crime control policies. We exploit a natural experiment arising from the Italian 2006 collective pardon releasing about one third of the prison population. The pardon created idiosyncratic incentives to recidivate across released individuals and municipalities. We show that municipalities where resident pardoned individuals have a higher incentive to recidivate experienced higher recidivism. Moreover, in these municipalities: i) newspapers were more likely to report crime news involving pardoned individuals; ii) voters held worse beliefs on the incumbent governments ability to control crime and iii) with respect to the previous elections, the incumbent national government experienced a worse electoral performance in the April 2008 national elections relative to the opposition coalition. Overall, our findings indicate that voters keep incumbent politicians accountable by conditioning their vote on the observed effects of their policies.

Keywords: accountability; crime; Natural Experiment; Recidivism.; voting (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 K42 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-eur, nep-exp, nep-law and nep-pol
Date: 2017-06
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Working Paper: The Political Cost of Being Soft on Crime: Evidence from a Natural Experiment (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: The Political Cost of Being Soft on Crime: Evidence from a Natural Experiment (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: The Political Cost of Being Soft on Crime: Evidence from a Natural Experiment (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: The Political Cost of Being Soft on Crime: Evidence from a Natural Experiment (2017) Downloads
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