One Team, One Nation: Football, Ethnic Identity, and Conflict in Africa
Depetris-Chauvï¿½n, Emilio and
Ruben Durante ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Emilio Depetris-Chauvin
No 12233, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers
Do collective experiences that prime sentiments of national unity reduce interethnic tensions and conflict? We examine this question by looking at the impact of national football teamsï¿½ victories in sub-Saharan Africa. Combining individual survey data with information on official matches played between 2000 and 2015, we find that individuals interviewed in the days after a victory of their countryï¿½s national team are less likely to report a strong sense of ethnic identity and more likely to trust people of other ethnicities than those interviewed just before. The effect is sizable and robust and is not explained by generic euphoria or optimism. Crucially, national victories do not only affect attitudes but also reduce violence. Indeed, using plausibly exogenous variation from close qualifications to the Africa Cup of Nations, we find that countries that (barely) qualified experience significantly less conflict in the following six months than countries that (barely) did not. Our findings indicate that, even where ethnic cleavages have deep historical roots, patriotic shocks can reduce inter-ethnic tensions and have a tangible impact on conflict.
Keywords: Africa; Ethnic Conflict; Ethnic identity; Football; Nationalism; Trust (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-soc and nep-spo
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (3) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
CEPR Discussion Papers are free to download for our researchers, subscribers and members. If you fall into one of these categories but have trouble downloading our papers, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Working Paper: One Team, One Nation: Football, Ethnic Identity, and Conflict in Africa (2017)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12233
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.cepr.org/ ... rs/dp.php?dpno=12233
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers Centre for Economic Policy Research, 33 Great Sutton Street, London EC1V 0DX.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().