EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Does population diversity matter for economic development in the very long-term? Historic migration, diversity and county wealth in the US

Rodr�guez-Pose, Andr�s and Viola von Berlepsch
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Andrés Rodríguez-Pose ()

No 12347, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Does population diversity matter for economic development in the long-run? Does the impact of diversity differ over time? This paper traces the short-, medium-, and long-term economic impact of population diversity resulting from the big migration waves of the late 19th and early 20th centuries to the United States (US). Using census data from 1880, 1900, and 1910, the settlement pattern of migrants across the counties of the 48 US continental states is tracked in order to construct measures of population fractionalisation and polarisation at county level. Factors which may have influenced both the individual settlement decision at the time of migration as well as county-level economic development in recent years are controlled for. The results of the analysis show that high levels of population fractionalisation have a strong and positive influence on economic development in the short-, medium-, and long-run. High levels of polarisation, by contrast, undermine development. Despite a stronger effect on income levels in the first 30 years, these relationships are found to be extremely long-lasting: counties with a more heterogeneous population composition over 130 years ago are significantly richer today, whereas counties that were strongly polarised at the time of the migration waves have endured persistent negative economic effects.

Keywords: Counties; diversity; economic development; Fractionalisation; Polarisation; USA (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J15 J61 O43 R11 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-geo, nep-gro, nep-his, nep-mig and nep-ure
Date: 2017-10
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (1) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
http://www.cepr.org/active/publications/discussion_papers/dp.php?dpno=12347 (application/pdf)
CEPR Discussion Papers are free to download for our researchers, subscribers and members. If you fall into one of these categories but have trouble downloading our papers, please contact us at subscribers@cepr.org

Related works:
Working Paper: Does population diversity matter for economic development in the very long-term? Historic migration, diversity and county wealth in the US (2018) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12347

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.cepr.org/ ... rs/dp.php?dpno=12347

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers Centre for Economic Policy Research, 33 Great Sutton Street, London EC1V 0DX.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2019-10-05
Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12347