Highways, Market Access, and Spatial Sorting
Raphaël Parchet () and
No 12437, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers
We design a spatial model featuring workers embodied with heterogeneous skills. In equilibrium, locations with improved market access become relatively more attractive to the high-skilled, high-income earners. We then empirically analyze the effects of the construction of the Swiss highway network between 1960 and 2010 on the distribution of income at the local level, as well as on employment and commuting by education level. We find that the advent of a new highway access within 10km led to a long-term 19%-increase of the share of high-income taxpayers and a 6%-decrease of the share of low-income taxpayers. Results are similar for employment data decomposed by education level, as well as for in- and out-commuters. Highways also contributed to job and residential urban sprawl.
Keywords: Highway; Income sorting.; market access; Transportation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D31 H54 O18 R11 R23 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-eur, nep-geo, nep-tre and nep-ure
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (6) Track citations by RSS feed
Downloads: (external link)
CEPR Discussion Papers are free to download for our researchers, subscribers and members. If you fall into one of these categories but have trouble downloading our papers, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Working Paper: Highways, Market Access and Spatial Sorting (2017)
Working Paper: Highways, Market Access, and Spatial Sorting (2017)
Working Paper: Highways, market access and spatial sorting (2017)
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.
Export reference: BibTeX
RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan)
Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:12437
Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
http://www.cepr.org/ ... rs/dp.php?dpno=12437
Access Statistics for this paper
More papers in CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers Centre for Economic Policy Research, 33 Great Sutton Street, London EC1V 0DX.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().