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The Social Origins of Inventors

Philippe Aghion, Ufuk Akcigit (), Ari Hyytinen and Otto Toivanen ()

No 12496, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: In this paper we merge three datasets - individual income data, patenting data, and IQ data - to analyze the determinants of an individual's probability of inventing. We find that: (i) parental income matters even after controlling for other background variables and for IQ, yet the estimated impact of parental income is greatly diminished once parental education and the individual's IQ are controlled for; (ii) IQ has both a direct effect on the probability of inventing an indirect impact through education. The effect of IQ is larger for inventors than for medical doctors or lawyers. The impact of IQ is robust to controlling for unobserved family characteristics by focusing on potential inventors with brothers close in age. We also provide evidence on the importance of social family interactions, by looking at biological versus non-biological parents. Finally, we find a positive and significant interaction effect between IQ and father income, which suggests a misallocation of talents to innovation.

Keywords: education; Innovation; inventors; IQ; parental background; Social mobility (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I24 J18 J24 O31 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-ino, nep-lma and nep-tid
Date: 2017-12
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Working Paper: The social origins of inventors (2017) Downloads
Working Paper: The Social Origins of Inventors (2017) Downloads
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