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Oligopoly, Macroeconomic Performance, and Competition Policy

José Azar and Xavier Vives ()

No 13000, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: We develop a macroeconomic framework in which firms are large and have market power with respect to both products and labor. Each firm maximizes a share-weighted average of shareholder utilities, which makes the equilibrium independent of price normalization. In a one-sector economy, if returns to scale are non-increasing, then an increase in "effective" market concentration (which accounts for overlapping ownership) leads to declines in employment, real wages, and the labor share. Moreover, if the goal is to foster employment then (i) controlling common ownership and reducing concentration are complements and (ii) government jobs are a substitute for either policy. Yet when there are multiple sectors, due to an intersectoral pecuniary externality, an increase in common ownership can stimulate the economy when the elasticity of labor supply is high relative to the elasticity of substitution in product markets. We characterize for which ownership structures the monopolistically competitive limit or an oligopolistic one (where firms become small relative to the economy) are attained as the number of sectors in the economy increases. Finally, we provide a calibration to illustrate our results.

Keywords: Antitrust Policy; Labor Share; market power; oligopsony; ownership; portfolio diversification (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D63 E60 G11 L13 L21 L41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-com
Date: 2018-06
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