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Who Voted for Brexit? Individual and Regional Data Combined

Eleonora Alabrese, Sascha Becker (), Thiemo Fetzer and Dennis Novy ()

No 13110, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Previous analyses of the 2016 Brexit referendum used region-level data or small samples based on polling data. The former might be subject to ecological fallacy and the latter might suffer from small-sample bias. We use individual-level data on thousands of respondents in Understanding Society, the UK's largest household survey, which includes the EU referendum question. We find that voting Leave is associated with older age, white ethnicity, low educational attainment, infrequent use of smartphones and the internet, receiving benefits, adverse health and low life satisfaction. These results coincide with corresponding patterns at the aggregate level of voting areas. We therefore do not find evidence of ecological fallacy. In addition, we show that prediction accuracy is geographically heterogeneous across UK regions, with strongly pro-Leave and strongly pro-Remain areas easier to predict. We also show that among individuals with similar socio-economic characteristics, Labour supporters are more likely to support Remain while Conservative supporters are more likely to support Leave.

Keywords: aggregation; Ecological Fallacy; European Union; populism; Referendum; UK (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 I10 N44 R20 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int and nep-pol
Date: 2018-08
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
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Related works:
Journal Article: Who voted for Brexit? Individual and regional data combined (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Voted for Brexit? Individual and Regional Data Combined (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Voted for Brexit? Individual and Regional Data Combined (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Who Voted for Brexit? Individual and Regional Data Combined (2018) Downloads
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