EconPapers    
Economics at your fingertips  
 

Electoral Competition, Voter Bias and Women in Politics

Thomas Le Barbanchon and Julien Sauvagnat

No 13238, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: We quantify the implications of voter bias and electoral competition for politicians' gender composition. Unfavorable voters' attitudes towards women and local gender earnings gap correlate negatively with the share of female candidates in Parliamentary elections. Using within-candidate variation across the different polling stations of an electoral district in a given election year, we find that female candidates obtain fewer votes in municipalities with higher gender earnings gaps. We show theoretically that when voters are biased against women, parties facing gender quotas select male candidates in the most contestable districts. We find empirical support for such a strategic party response to voter gender bias. Simulating our calibrated model confirms that competition significantly hinders the effectiveness of gender quotas.

Keywords: Women in politics; Electoral competition; Gender attitudes; Gender quotas (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D72 D78 J16 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2018-10
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-cdm, nep-eur, nep-gen, nep-lab and nep-pol
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (8) Track citations by RSS feed

Downloads: (external link)
https://cepr.org/publications/DP13238 (application/pdf)
CEPR Discussion Papers are free to download for our researchers, subscribers and members. If you fall into one of these categories but have trouble downloading our papers, please contact us at subscribers@cepr.org

Related works:
Journal Article: Electoral Competition, Voter Bias, and Women in Politics (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Electoral Competition, Voter Bias, and Women in Politics (2022) Downloads
Working Paper: Electoral Competition, Voter Bias, and Women in Politics (2022) Downloads
This item may be available elsewhere in EconPapers: Search for items with the same title.

Export reference: BibTeX RIS (EndNote, ProCite, RefMan) HTML/Text

Persistent link: https://EconPapers.repec.org/RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13238

Ordering information: This working paper can be ordered from
https://cepr.org/publications/DP13238

Access Statistics for this paper

More papers in CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers Centre for Economic Policy Research, 33 Great Sutton Street, London EC1V 0DX.
Bibliographic data for series maintained by ().

 
Page updated 2023-12-27
Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13238