Religiosity and Terrorism: Evidence from Ramadan Fasting
Paul Raschky () and
Anthony Strittmatter ()
No 13257, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers
This study examines the effect of religiosity on terrorism by focusing on one of the five pillars of Islam: Ramadan fasting. For identification, we exploit two facts: First, daily fasting from dawn to sunset during Ramadan is considered mandatory for most Muslims. Second, the Islamic calendar is not synchronized with the solar cycle. We find a robust negative effect of more intense Ramadan fasting on terrorist events within districts and country-years in predominantly Muslim countries. We argue that this effect partly operates through a decrease in public support for terrorism, which in turn reduces the operational capabilities of terrorist groups.
Keywords: economics of religion; Terrorism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: D74 H56 Z12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Religiosity and Terrorism: Evidence from Ramadan Fasting (2018)
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