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Female autonomy generates superstars in long-term development: Evidence from 15th to 19th century Europe

Joerg Baten () and Alexandra de Pleijt ()

No 13348, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Many countries did not accumulate sufficient human capital to be successful, because they did not make use of the potential of the female half of their population. Other countries did the opposite and became "superstars" and pioneers in long-term economic development. This view is supported by studying female autonomy and numeracy indicators of 27 countries and 268 regions in Europe between 1500 and 1900. We approach endogeneity issues by exploiting exogenous variation in gender-biased agricultural specialization.

Keywords: Early modern growth; Female autonomy; human capital formation (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: N13 N33 O40 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro and nep-his
Date: 2018-12
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