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Gender Wage Gaps and Worker Mobility: Evidence from the Garment Sector in Bangladesh

Andreas Menzel and Christopher Woodruff ()

No 13577, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Data from 70 large export-oriented garment manufacturers in Bangladesh show that gender wage gaps are similar to those found in higher-income countries. Among pro-duction workers, women's wages are 8 percent lower. We show that by combining short administrative panels, survey data from a representative sample of workers, and struc-ture, we can estimate how the wage gap evolves over workers' careers. Gender differ-ences in internal and across-factory promotions contribute roughly equally to the emergence of the gender gap over worker careers. Differences in promotion rates ap-pear to arise mainly from career concerns rather than frictions coming from household responsibilities.

Keywords: Export-oriented manufacturing; Gender wage gaps; monopsony in motion (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: J16 J31 O14 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gen and nep-lma
Date: 2019-03
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