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The Macroeconomics of the Greek Depression

Gabriel Chodorow-Reich, Loukas Karabarbounis and Rohan Kekre

No 13762, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: The Greek economy experienced a boom until 2007, followed by a prolonged depression resulting in a 25 percent shortfall of GDP by 2016. Informed by a detailed analysis of macroeconomic patterns in Greece, we estimate a rich dynamic general equilibrium model to assess quantitatively the sources of the boom and bust. Lower external demand for traded goods and contractionary fiscal policies account for the largest fraction of the Greek depression. A decline in total factor productivity, due primarily to lower factor utilization, substantially amplifies the depression. Given the significant adjustment of prices and wages observed throughout the cycle, a nominal devaluation would only have short-lived stabilizing effects. By contrast, shifting the burden of adjustment away from taxes toward spending or away from capital taxes toward other taxes would generate longer-term production and consumption gains. Eliminating the rise in transfers to households during the boom would significantly reduce the burden of tax adjustment in the bust and the magnitude of the depression.

Keywords: Fiscal policy; Greek Depression; Nominal Rigidity; productivity; taxes (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: E20 E32 E44 E62 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dge and nep-mac
Date: 2019-05
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Working Paper: The Macroeconomics of the Greek Depression (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: The Macroeconomics of the Greek Depression (2019) Downloads
Working Paper: The Macroeconomics of the Greek Depression (2019) Downloads
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