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Men. Roots and Consequences of Masculinity Norms

Victoria Baranov, Ralph De Haas () and Pauline Grosjean ()

No 14493, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: We document the historical roots and contemporary consequences of masculinity norms: beliefs about the proper conduct of men. We exploit a natural experiment in which convict transportation in the 18th and 19th centuries created a variegated spatial pattern of sex ratios across Australia. Areas that were heavily male-biased in the past (though not the present) remain characterized by more violence, male suicide, occupational gender segregation, opposition to same-sex marriage, and bullying of boys in schools. We interpret these results as manifestations of masculinity norms that emerged due to intense local male-male competition and that have persisted to this day.

Keywords: Cultural persistence; identity; Masculinity; Natural Experiment; Sex ratio (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: I31 J12 J16 N37 Z13 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2020-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-gro and nep-his
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Working Paper: Men. Roots and Consequences of Masculinity Norms (2018) Downloads
Working Paper: Men. Roots and Consequences of Masculinity Norms (2018) Downloads
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