The Economic Geography of Trade Production and Income: A Survey of Empirics
Henry Overman (),
Stephen Redding and
Anthony Venables ()
No 2978, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers
This Paper surveys the empirical literature on the economic geography of trade flows, factor prices, and the location of production. The discussion is structured around the empirical predictions of a canonical theoretical model. We review empirical evidence on the determinants of trade costs and the effects of these costs on trade flows. Geography is a major determinant of factor prices, and access to foreign markets alone is shown to explain some 35% of the cross-country variation in per capita income. The Paper documents empirical findings of home market (or magnification) effects, suggesting that imperfectly competitive industries are drawn more than proportionately to locations with good market access. Sub-national evidence establishes the presence of industrial clustering, and we examine the roles played by product market linkages to customer and supplier firms, knowledge spillovers, and labour market externalities.
Keywords: economic geography; income inequality; international trade; location of production (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F12 R12 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: The Economic Geography of Trade, Production, and Income: A Survey of Empirics (2001)
Working Paper: The economic geography of trade, production, and income: a survey of empirics (2001)
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