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Effects on School Enrollment and Performance of a Conditional Cash Transfers Program in Mexico

Alain de Janvry (), Pierre Dubois () and Elisabeth Sadoulet ()

No 6069, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: We study the effects of a conditional cash transfers program on school enrollment and performance in Mexico. We provide a theoretical framework for analyzing the dynamic educational process including the endogeneity and uncertainty of performance at school (passing grades) and the effect of a cash transfer program conditional on school attendance. This framework is developed to study the Mexican social program Progresa (called now Oportunidades) in which a randomized experiment has been implemented and allows us to identify the effect of the program on enrollment and performance at school. Using the rules of the conditional program, we can explain the different incentive effects provided. We also derive the formal identifying assumptions needed to estimate consistently the average treatment effects on enrollment and performance at school. We find empirically that this program had always a positive impact on school continuation whereas for performance it had a positive impact at primary school but a negative one at secondary school (a possible consequence of disincentives due to the program termination after the third year of secondary school).

Keywords: dynamic decisions; education demand; Mexico; randomized experiment; school performance; schooling decisions; transfer program; treatment effects (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: C14 C25 D91 H52 H53 I21 I28 J24 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-dev, nep-edu, nep-hrm, nep-pbe and nep-ure
Date: 2007-01
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Journal Article: Effects on School Enrollment and Performance of a Conditional Cash Transfer Program in Mexico (2012) Downloads
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