Cross-Border Trade and FDI in Services
Carmen Fillat Castejón,
Joseph Francois and
Julia Woerz ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Carmen Fillat-Castejon ()
No 7074, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers
Working with a panel dataset of of OECD countries over the decade 1994-2004, we examine linkages between cross-border trade and FDI in the service sectors. We first develop a consistent analytical framework for the application of the gravity model jointly to services trade and commercial presence (i.e. FDI), using a composite model of delivery that offers testable hypotheses about the roles of different modes of services supply as complements or substitutes. We further link our estimates to policy variables measuring market regulations that may act directly or implicitly as barriers to trade. We find robust evidence of complementary effects in the short-run, which is reinforced in the long run by an increased potential for cross-border imports based on previous FDI inflows. A detailed analysis by individual service sectors highlights business, communication and financial services as showing the largest potential for cross-border trade when market regulations are reduced and when commercial presence increases.
Keywords: FDI; services; services trade; trade and FDI substitution and complementarity (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F10 F14 F21 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Working Paper: Cross-Border Trade and FDI in Services (2009)
Working Paper: Cross-Border Trade and FDI in Services (2008)
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