Novel Indicators of the Trade and Welfare Effects of Agricultural Distortions in OECD Countries
Kym Anderson () and
Johanna L. Croser
No 7971, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers
Agricultural markets in OECD countries have long been highly distorted by government policies. Traditional weighted average aggregates of the price distortions involved, such as producer and consumer support estimates (PSEs and CSEs), can be poor indicators of the trade restrictiveness and economic welfare losses associated with them, especially if a country’s support estimates vary a lot across the product range. Certainly estimates of trade and welfare effects of price supports can be obtained from sectoral or economywide models using price elasticity estimates, but the results can be contentious if there is no consensus on what model specification and elasticity parameters to use. This paper shows that, if there is a willingness to accept simple assumptions about elasticities, it is possible to generate indicators of the welfare and trade restrictiveness of agricultural policies using no more than the price and quantity data needed to generate PSEs and CSEs. These new indexes thus provide an attractive supplement to the current policy monitoring regime developed by the OECD Secretariat.
Keywords: agricultural price and trade policies; Distorted incentives; trade restrictiveness index (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F13 F14 Q17 Q18 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
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Journal Article: Novel indicators of the trade and welfare effects of agricultural distortions in OECD countries (2011)
Working Paper: Novel Indicators of the Trade and Welfare Effects of Agricultural Distortions in OECD Countries (2010)
Working Paper: Novel indicators of the trade and welfare effects of agricultural distortions in OECD countries (2010)
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