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Global Banking and International Business Cycles

Zeno Enders, Robert Kollmann () and Gernot Müller

No 7972, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: This paper incorporates a global bank into a two-country business cycle model. The bank collects deposits from households and makes loans to entrepreneurs, in both countries. It has to finance a fraction of loans using equity. We investigate how such a bank capital requirement affects the international transmission of productivity and loan default shocks. Three findings emerge. First, the bank's capital requirement has little effect on the international transmission of productivity shocks. Second, the contribution of loan default shocks to business cycle fluctuations is negligible under normal economic conditions. Third, an exceptionally large loan loss originating in one country induces a sizeable and simultaneous decline in economic activity in both countries. This is particularly noteworthy, as the 2007-09 global financial crisis was characterized by large credit losses in the US and a simultaneous sharp output reduction in the US and the Euro Area. Our results thus suggest that global banks may have played an important role in the international transmission of the crisis.

Keywords: bank capital requirements; credit losses; global banking; global financial crisis; international business cycles (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F3 F4 G1 G2 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2010-09
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Related works:
Journal Article: Global banking and international business cycles (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Global banking and international business cycles (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Global Banking and International Business Cycles (2011) Downloads
Working Paper: Global Banking and International Business Cycles (2010) Downloads
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