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Bilateral Exchange Rates and Jobs

Eddy Bekkers () and Joseph Francois

No 8906, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: We study the labor market effects of bilateral exchange rate realignment. We place emphasis on the composition of trade, the role of in- termediates, and the underlying conditions of the labor market. Employment effects hinge on the fraction exported to and imported from the trading partner. A larger fraction exported to and a smaller fraction imported from the trading partner make it more likely that appreciation has beneficial effects. Furthermore, more sticky price expectations in wage formation, a smaller fraction of intermediates in the production process, and a lower rate of importer pass through make it more likely that appreciation of the exchange rate of the trade partner has positive employment effects. At a more technical level, the scope for substitution away from higher priced inputs, either toward other sources of supply, or toward value added, is also important to the direction and magnitude of changes in employment.

Keywords: bilateral exchange rates; devaluation; exchange rates and trade; trade and employment (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: F32 F41 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-03
New Economics Papers: this item is included in nep-int and nep-lab
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Journal Article: Bilateral Exchange Rates and Jobs (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Bilateral Exchange Rates and Jobs (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Bilateral Exchange Rates and Jobs (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Bilateral Exchange Rates and Jobs (2012) Downloads
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