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Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia

Stefano Della Vigna, Ruben Enikolopov, Vera Mironova, Maria Petrova and Ekaterina Zhuravskaya ()
Authors registered in the RePEc Author Service: Stefano DellaVigna ()

No 9042, CEPR Discussion Papers from C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers

Abstract: Which factors stand in the way of cooperation between countries formerly at war? We examine the role of nationalistic content of a media outlet reaching citizens of a neighboring country. We consider radio signals travelling across borders in the region that witnessed one of Europe’s deadliest conflicts since WWII: the Serbo-Croatian conflict in the Yugoslavian wars. Using survey and election data, we show that, after a decade since the end of the war, cross-border nationalistic Serbian radio triggers animosity towards Serbs in Croatia, potentially endangering peace. In particular, we find that a large fraction of Croats listen to Serbian radio (intended for Serbian listeners across the border) whenever signal is available. The residents of Croatian villages with good-quality signal of Serbian public radio are more likely to vote for extreme nationalist parties. In addition, ethnically offensive graffiti are more common in villages with Serbian radio reception. A laboratory experiment confirms that Serbian radio exposure causes an increase in anti-Serbian sentiment among Croats.

Keywords: media; nationalism (search for similar items in EconPapers)
JEL-codes: O10 (search for similar items in EconPapers)
Date: 2012-07
References: View references in EconPapers View complete reference list from CitEc
Citations: View citations in EconPapers (7) Track citations by RSS feed

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Related works:
Journal Article: Cross-Border Media and Nationalism: Evidence from Serbian Radio in Croatia (2014) Downloads
Working Paper: Cross-Border Media and Nationalism: Evidence from Serbian Radio in Croatia (2014)
Working Paper: Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia (2013) Downloads
Working Paper: Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia (2012) Downloads
Working Paper: Cross-border media and nationalism: Evidence from Serbian radio in Croatia (2011) Downloads
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